From Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP)
Showing 20 pages using this property.
(a) Provide observational and modeling data on pollutant concentrations, deposition, emissions and transboundary fluxes on the regional scale and identify their trends in time; (b) Identify the sources of the pollution concentrations and depositions and to assess the effects of changes in emissions; (c) Improve our understanding of chemical and physical processes relevant to assessing the effects of air pollutants on ecosystems and human health in order to support the development of cost-effective abatement strategies; and 7. EMEP monitoring should be designed to fulfill its purpose. 8. EMEP monitoring should form the core infrastructure for monitoring atmospheric composition change throughout its domain (d) Explore the environmental concentrations of new chemical substances that might require the attention of the Convention in the future  +
* Many parts of the region continue to face formidable economic and environmental problems, and have more immediately pressing priorities than air pollution, in spite of the heavy health damage which it inflicts. It is important therefore that any investment by states in the regions, or by donor organisations, in air pollution abatement should be as cost-effective as possible. This can be significantly enhanced by co-operation at the regional scale on air pollution monitoring, assessment and abatement systems.   +
* The missing features are exposure-doseresponse data - risk on the basis of exposure to individual pollutants as indicators of the coomposite risk * MPAQM will be complicated by three global-scale influences: 1. Precursor emissions due to GHGs reductions and climate affecting particles (most significant) 2. Atmospheric chemistry, biogenic emissions, and met resulting from climate change 3. Intra- and intercontinental transport of pollutants from increased global emissions Recommendations 1. Improve the ability to estimate pollutant exposure 2. Strengthen the multidisciplinary focus of health and ecosystem effects research 1. Health and ecological damage burden of air pollution relative to other stressors? 2. Which pollutant combinations of pollutants cause what effects? 3. Is it feasible to group pollutants? 4. Can we construct objective metrics for prioritizing health and ecosystem effects?   +
16 monitoring stations  +
A Kabul air pollution monitoring network is being established under ADB-funded project. Resuspension of dust will be addressed  +
A comprehensive national air quality monitoring system has been established over the past years as part of Environmental Information and Monitoring Program ( EIMP ) of EEAA, implemented with support from the Danish Government  +
A regional policy within the member Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) states and SADC itself, are inconsistent, and the southern African region shares the same airmass and thus the same pollutants. One of the key requirements for the development of a regional policy is the provision of robust scientific information upon which debates can be initiated. APINA (Air Pollution Information Network – Africa) is a network of scientists, researchers and policy-makers who are supportive of a regional approach to addressing the issues of transboundary air pollution, based on robust scientific information. Evidence is emerging of impacts at various scales, from indoor air pollution to regional effects. However, to determine the extent of air pollution problems in the SADC region further knowledge of emissions, atmospheric transfer and impacts is required.  +
A review of the European, United States and Australian Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) literature related to ambient air pollution, followed by a critique of the CBA methodology. methodology to assess the economic cost of the human health effects of ambient air pollution and identifies and describes in detail the uncertainties, contentious issues and knowledge gaps associated with the CBA methodology. Moreover, the report also makes recommendations based on how to address the uncertainties, contentious issues and knowledge gaps.  +
A substantial body of European Community (EU) legislation has been adopted by the Council and the European Parliament in relation to ambient air quality. This is summarized below and links provided lead to the relevant documents.  +
AQ Health impact assessment by Working group  +
According to Ho Chi Minh City service of Resources and Environment, there are 9 automatic air pollution continuous monitoring stations in Ho Chi Minh City . The total number of automatic monitoring station in Vietnam is 23 (2008) Equipment is modern at high accuracy.  +
Air Monitoring state in Japan, transport of pollutants from the continent impacting Japan, brown haze clouds and dust cloud estimation Needs satellite information. Need background air pollution information on the continent. Wind speed and direction, models of transport  +
Air Quality Guidelines for Europe - that have since been adopted as global guidelines.  +
Air quality monitoring assessment. NEEDs Improve PM10/PM2.5 link AQ with monitoring with AQ management. improve reporting and access to information.  +
Assessment has four functions: Identifies national, state, local inventories and provides access info. Describes methods used to generate emissions and discusses the strength and weakness of these methods. Directs considerable attention to methods for determining uncertainties in emissions estimates. Suggests ways to improve future inventories and improve data delivery of emission data to users.  +
Book chapter for Aerosol Measurement  +
Cardiovascular disease women related to Epa monitoring network data  +
Clean Air Initiative (CAI) for Asia mission is to promote and demonstrate innovative ways to improve the air quality in Asian cities through partnerships and sharing experiences. Overview state of AQ in AsiaSE, AQ Monitoring status, PM10 measurments spatial coverage in 2007. Future AQ plans and focus, still not on PM2.5, ozone and air toxics monitoring that effect the human health the most.  +
Coincident measurements of O3 and aerosol components (NO3, SO4, organic and elemental carbon, trace metals), precursors of O3 and aerosol (total reactive nitrogen, peroxyacetyl nitrate, and VOCs, SO2) and atmospheric tracers (such as CO and CO2 and Hg) will strengthen long-range transport assessments and model evaluation efforts  +
Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future NRC. Panel on chemical weather - with emphasis on air pollution/health; EOs that can be measured from space.  +