GEOSS AIP Generic Smoke Scenario

From Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP)

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(This page is based on the template provided by GEOSS Architecture Workgroup.) Example Scenario - Energy - Solar Scenario


Template: Provide a summary of the scenario and the community that the scenario supports.
The communities supported by the scenario are the General Public, Air Quality Regulators, and Atmospheric Scientist.
Template: Identify the specific decisions to be made.

Key decision makers during a smoke event include the Public, AQ Managers and Scientists. Each group makes different decisions, requires separate alert mechanism, and targeted information suitable to make the decisions.

  • Public
    • Personal Decisions - Go to baseball game?; Alert from TV?; Bad smoke this afternoon?
    • Public Health Decisions - Asthmatics beware. American Lung Assoc., alerting news media; semi-quantitative surface concentration
    • Public Safety Decisions - Road, aviation visibility; Alert from DOT, FAA; Visibility, spatial extent
  • Air Quality Managers
    • State AQ Managers - Is this an Exceptional Event? Alert from EPA; Source, transport, space-time pattern
    • State-Federal AQ Managers - Inter-Regional/National/Continental transport? Science Observers; Spatio-temporal pattern, transport
  • Atmospheric Scientists
    • Smoke Emission; How does one estimate smoke emission? Real-time data analysis/modeling; Surface, satellite, other obs & diagnostic modeling
    • Transport; Smoke elevation/dispersion; Real-time data analysis/modeling; Surface, satellite, other obs & diagnostic
    • Kinetics: Chemical kinetics, cloud interaction; Real-time data analysis/modeling; Surface, satellite, other obs & diagnostic

Template: Provide references for additional information.

All links tagged Workspace:GEOSS_AIP_AQ_Scenario

Context and pre-conditions

Template: Identify the actors in the scenario. Actors are any persons involved in the scenario.

  • Data Providers
  • Data Mediators and Processing Centers
  • Data Analysts
  • Decision-Makers: Public, Regulators, Scientists

Template: List, at a summary level, the specific information assumed to be available before the scenario begins.

  • Near-Real Time Monitoring Data from dedicated Surface, Upper Air and Satellite sensors
  • Semi-quantitative information on smoke harvested from Public information sources
  • Initial Model simulations of smoke emission, transport/transformation/removal
  • Integrated Datasets suitable for assimilation into forecast models for improving predictions

Template: List, at a summary level, the specific processing and collaboration functionality assumed needed in the scenario.

  • Identification and accessing the relavent monitoring data from dedicated Surface, Upper Air and Satellite sensors
  • Harvesting the data sources from "other" agencies/organizations, Public contributions of first-hand reports, images, videos...
  • Data sharing and integration functionality would need to include Standard-based, seamless (if possible) data access, registry for finding resources (data and metadata), workflow software for integrating Service Components
  • The Smoke Air Quality Community of Practice would need to be supported by a workspace where the communal resources on the specific smoke event (and smoke in general?) are assembled ... other Decision Support System functionality.
  • Ability to produce near-Realtime reports that characterize the smoke event

Scenario Events

Template: The scenario should be elaborated as a set of steps that result in the creation of decision support products developed in collaboration by the actors.
Template: Use the table to identify the main sequence of events in the scenario. In the course of the scenario you may identify an alternative branch step that could be taken, but then return to the main sequence steps.

  1. Designated and voluntary observers will use a virtual observatory to monitor the current aerosol situation over their region of interest (e.g. North America, Central America, Europe, Asia? - do we need to spell out regions? ).
  2. The observers scan the spatial, temporal aerosol pattern on the real-time satellite images, surface monitors, as well as monitoring the electronic media and private citizen reports.
  3. Once an ‘interesting’ smoke event appears, the observers explore the pattern of other peripheral data sources such as weather pattern, trajectories and other monitors to ascertain the emergence of a smoke event.
  4. Throughout the event’s emergence, the observers share their observations and views on a shared virtual workspace, including the the deliberations whether to issue alert(s).
  5. Using standardized Common Notification Protocol), alert(s) are issued to different groups (Public, Regulatory, Science - see) that may need to act or who are interested in observing/participating in smoke monitoring or response action action.
  6. In response to the alert, more intense monitoring and just-in-time analysis is initiated. This includes additional sampling, high resolution targeted smoke source/dispersion modeling, harvesting of other real-time data resources etc.
  7. As the smoke event evolves, a virtual workgroup of analysts summarizes the smoke situation, including sources, transport, aerosol pattern, forecast and impact in a manner suitable for multiple user communities, Public, Regulatory and Science.
  8. Based on those reports and other input, during the smoke event, a multiplicity of decisions and actions are executed by Public, Regulatory and Scientific decision makers.
  9. Following the smoke event, the event is evaluated for its impact, consequences and possibly for detailed retrospective analysis.